We use Comparatives and Superlatives to compare two or more nouns.
The formation of the comparative and superlative depends on the number of syllables in the adjective:
To form the comparative, we add -er to the end of the adjective.
To form the superlative, we add -est to the end of the adjective.
Remember that comparatives are often followed by than.
- London is bigger than Santiago.
- Mike is taller than John but James is the tallest.
Two-syllable Adjectives ending in -Y
To form the comparative, we remove the -y and add -ier to the end of the adjective.
To form the superlative, we remove the -y and add -iest to the end of the adjective.
- It was the happiest day of my life.
- My joke was funnier than your one.
Adjectives with Two or more Syllables
For Adjectives with 2 syllables (that don't end in -y) and higher (3, 4 syllables etc), we use more for comparatives and the most for superlatives.
|handsome||more handsome||the most handsome|
|nervous||more nervous||the most nervous|
|enthusiastic||more enthusiastic||the most enthusiastic|
- My girlfriend is more beautiful than yours.
- Alex is more intelligent than you but I am the most intelligent.
|far||further / farther||the furthest / farthest|
- I am a better tennis player than you but Marcelo is the best.
- Steve is a worse liar than me but Adrian is the worst.
Note: Further / farther, furthest / farthest are all used for distance.
Only Further / furthest are used to mean 'additional' or 'more advanced'.
- Puerto Montt is further / farther than Valdivia is from here (in Santiago).
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Remember that the opposites of 'more' and 'most' are 'less' and 'least', respectively.